Children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, receiving allo-transplantation in 10 countries. (n=348).
HLA-identical sibling donor (MSD) (n=138).
Matched donor (MD) (n=210).
The 4-year event-free survival, overall survival, cumulative incidence of relapse and non-relapse mortality were not significantly different between MSD and MD graft recipients. The risk of extensive chronic (cGVHD) was lower in MD than in MSD recipients and the risks of severe acute GVHD (aGVHD) and cGVHD were higher in peripheral blood than in bone marrow recipients. Compared with the absence of aGVHD, grade I-II was associated with a lower risk of failure and grade III-IV with a higher risk of failure and non-leukemic death, despite a lower risk of relapse. Compared with the absence of cGVHD, extensive cGVHD was associated with a higher risk of non-leukemic death.