Eltrombopag is an effective and safe therapy for refractory thrombocytopenia after haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
Bone marrow transplantation. 2019
Refractory thrombocytopenia is a frequent and severe complication after haploidentical allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) and lacks effective treatment strategies. Eltrombopag has shown promising results in several thrombocytopenia disorders. We report 38 patients treated with eltrombopag for refractory thrombocytopenia after haplo-HSCT. Eight patients had delayed platelet engraftment, 15 patients had secondary failure of platelet recovery, and 15 patients had poor graft function (PGF). Eltrombopag was initiated at 25 or 50 mg daily, and the dosage was adjusted to a maximum of 50-100 mg daily to maintain platelet between 50 x 10(9)/L and 100 x 10(9)/L. The cumulative incidence of platelet recovery to transfusion independence was 63.2% and to ≥50 x 10(9)/L without transfusion support was 52.3%. Furthermore, neutrophil counts and hemoglobin were also increased in the nine responders with PGF. Nineteen (79.2%) of the 24 responders were able to taper off eltrombopag, and the remaining 5 patients were able to begin a taper. The median duration of treatment was 64 (range 14-195) days. The presence of megakaryocyte before initiation was the only independent factor influencing the efficacy of eltrombopag (P = 0.044). Eltrombopag was well tolerated in all patients. In summary, eltrombopag was a safe and effective therapy for refractory thrombocytopenia after haplo-HSCT.
Conjugated Estrogen in Late-Onset Hemorrhagic Cystitis Associated with Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
International Journal of Hematology Oncology & Stem Cell Research. 2017;11(1):13-18
Background: Hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) is one of the most challenging complications in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Estrogen is one of the suggested treatments for controlling this problem. Subjects and Methods: We performed a randomized case-control study to evaluate the efficacy of oral conjugated estrogen on HC management in 56 HSCT patients. Patients were randomly assigned to the drug group (received 6.25 mg conjugated estrogen oral tablets in a daily single dose during hematuria period) or control group. Results: The median time to complete response was 36 and 24 days in the drug and control group, respectively. The median time of down stage was 24 days in the drug group and 12 days in control group. Adjusted for HC grades, the relative risk of complete response for patients in control group was 1.613 times more than that of patients in drug group; nevertheless, not significant (p=0.122). Conclusion: Our study did not show any benefit in use of oral conjugated estrogen in the management of HC.