Effects of red blood cell concentrate transfusion on blood tacrolimus concentration
International journal of clinical pharmacy. 2020
Background Elevated blood concentration of tacrolimus is frequently observed following transfusion of red blood cell concentrate in patients after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Objective The aim of this retrospective study was to clarify the effects of transfusion of red blood cell concentrate on the blood concentration of tacrolimus. Setting Chiba University Hospital in Japan. Method Fifty-two patients (aged 0-65 years) receiving both tacrolimus and transfusion after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation were enrolled. The ratio of measurement after transfusion to measurement before transfusion was calculated for hematocrit and blood concentration/dose ratio of tacrolimus (termed the hematocrit ratio and the tacrolimus ratio, respectively). Main outcome measure Change in blood concentration/dose ratio of tacrolimus and variable factors associated with variation in tacrolimus ratio. Results The blood concentration/dose ratio of tacrolimus was increased after transfusion compared with before transfusion (p < 0.001). A statistically significant correlation was seen between the hematocrit ratio and tacrolimus ratio (r = 0.32, p < 0.001). Hematocrit ratio, age or body surface area, and difference in aspartate aminotransferase level before and after transfusion were associated with the variation in tacrolimus ratio. There was no correlation between tacrolimus ratio and change in serum creatinine or potassium level in the short term. Conclusion Change in the blood concentration/dose ratio of tacrolimus was associated with change in the hematocrit ratio after transfusion, and more attention is required for children or patients with small body surface area. Dose adjustment of tacrolimus is required if the blood concentration of tacrolimus is much higher than the target concentration.
Liberal Versus Restrictive Red Blood Cell Transfusion Thresholds in Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation: A Randomized, Open Label, Phase III, Noninferiority Trial
Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology. 2020;:Jco1901836
PURPOSE Evidence regarding red blood cell (RBC) transfusion practices and their impact on hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) outcomes are poorly understood. PATIENTS AND METHODS We performed a noninferiority randomized controlled trial in four different centers that evaluated patients with hematologic malignancies requiring HCT who were randomly assigned to either a restrictive (hemoglobin [Hb] threshold < 70 g/L) or liberal (Hb threshold < 90 g/L) RBC transfusion strategy between day 0 and day 100. The noninferiority margin corresponds to a 12% absolute difference between groups in Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Bone Marrow Transplant (FACT-BMT) score relative to baseline. The primary outcome was health-related quality of life (HRQOL) measured by FACT-BMT score at day 100. Additional end points were collected: HRQOL by FACT-BMT score at baseline and at days 7, 14, 28, 60, and 100; transplantation-related mortality; length of hospital stay; intensive care unit admissions; acute graft-versus-host disease; Bearman toxicity score; sinusoidal obstruction syndrome; serious infections; WHO Bleeding Scale; transfusion requirements; and reactions to therapy. RESULTS A total of 300 patients were randomly assigned to either restrictive-strategy or liberal-strategy treatment groups between 2011 and 2016 at four Canadian adult HCT centers. After HCT, mean pre-transfusion Hb levels were 70.9 g/L in the restrictive-strategy group and 84.6 g/L in the liberal-strategy group (P < .0001). The number of RBC units transfused was lower in the restrictive-strategy group than in the liberal-strategy group (mean, 2.73 units [standard deviation, 4.81 units] v 5.02 units [standard deviation, 6.13 units]; P = .0004). After adjusting for transfusion type and baseline FACT-BMT score, the restrictive-strategy group had a higher FACT-BMT score at day 100 (difference of 1.6 points; 95% CI, -2.5 to 5.6 points), which was noninferior compared with that of the liberal-strategy group. There were no significant differences in clinical outcomes between the transfusion strategies. CONCLUSION In patients undergoing HCT, the use of a restrictive RBC transfusion strategy threshold of 70 g/L was as effective as a threshold of 90 g/L and resulted in similar HRQOL and HCT outcomes with fewer transfusions.
Blood transfusion support for sickle cell patients during haematopoietic stem cell transplantation: a single-institution experience
British journal of haematology. 2020
[Transfusion in autologous and allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplant: Guidelines from the Francophone Society of Bone Marrow Transplantation and Cellular Therapy (SFGM-TC)]
Bulletin du cancer. 2019
The recommendations of the French Health and Drug Safety Authorities (HAS/ANSM-Haute Autorite de sante/Agence nationale de securite du medicament) are known, but there are always new developments underway. With regards to CMV suppression, there is the introduction of platelet glycoprotein Ia and the Intercept (Amotosalem+UVA) inactivation method which addresses bacterial risk. The irradiation of platelets is included in the recommendations to ensure HEV-negative plasma post allograft. In terms of blood transfusion safety, these measures as well as the broader spectrum of Ia, particularly for arboviruses, are a real breakthrough. The survey conducted in clinical services and the services providing blood products for transfusion along with a literature review have shown that several improvements need to be made. The first is a reduction of transfusions of concentrated red blood cells with introduction at a threshold of 7g/dL during hospitalization of patients without a fragile clinical status. The second improvement would address transfusion of refractory thrombocytopenia, encouraging an increase in discussion between clinicians and those conducting the transfusion in order to consider different etiologies and to identify appropriate care protocols. Third would be the need for the transmission of information between the transplantation doctors and blood transfusion specialists in order to define an approach to transfusion care adapted to the patient's situation. It is important to inform and educate patients about transfusion protocols post allotransplant or autotransplant. It must be clearly communicated to patients that they should always have on their person their blood group documentation. This is especially true when receiving care for a hemopathy or an autologous transplant. If undergoing an allogeneic transplant, patients should also carry transfusion guidelines post autotransplant or post allotransplant along with the phone numbers for the stem cell transplantation department and the blood transfusion center responsible for their care.
Red blood cell product utilization in patients undergoing allogeneic stem cell transplantation
BACKGROUND The risk of transfusion reactions (TR) and the cost of blood has led to efforts to reduce blood use. We changed our practice to transfuse just one instead of two units of red blood cells (RBC) when hemoglobin ≤8 g/dL due to patient blood management (PBM) recommendations. METHODS AND MATERIALS We compared RBC utilization in patients receiving allogeneic HCT in the 10 months before (control arm) and 13 months after implementation of this new practice (intervention arm). We used regression models to estimate the independent effect of transfusion practice, length of hospitalization, the conditioning regimen, and donor type for patients who received at least one RBC unit. The outcome variable was total number of inpatient transfusions. In addition, a survey assessed the impact of this. RESULTS Cohorts were matched for age, primary diagnosis, graft source, and conditioning regimen. The median number of RBC units transfused/patient was identical in both arms (4; interquartile range 19 units/patient). Using the regression model, only length of stay (relative increase of 1.035 units/day; 95%CI, 1.0271.043) was an independent predictor of the number of RBC units a patient received. When data were normalized/1000 patient days, the control arm received 240 units vs the intervention arm, which received 193 units, resulting in a reduction of 47 units transfused/1000-patient-days, which was not statistically significant (p-value = 0.32). The survey of RNs showed that it positively affected the workflow. CONCLUSIONS There was a modest reduction in RBC utilization based on units transfused/1000-patient-days. There was a positive impact on RN workflow.
Revisiting old practices: More restricted indication of preoperative autologous blood donation in healthy bone marrow donors according to baseline hemoglobin levels
Transfusion and apheresis science : official journal of the World Apheresis Association : official journal of the European Society for Haemapheresis. 2019
There is no consensus on the risk-benefit status of preoperative autologous blood donation (PAD) for healthy bone marrow donors and there is concern regarding its impact on the development of pre-surgical anemia. We evaluated the changes in hemoglobin levels related to PAD in 80 bone marrow donors of our institution between 2002 and 2016. Mean Hgb values were compared separately for donors who donated 1 or 2 units, at 3 time-points: before PAD collection, the morning before marrow harvest and soon after harvest. Mean baseline Hgb values did not differ significantly between the 2 groups. After PAD collection, there was a significant drop in Hgb levels for the whole cohort of donors but more pronounced for the group that donated 2 units [1 unit: 12.8(8.9-17.4) x 2 units: 11.55(11.2-12.1), p = 0.045]. However, after marrow harvest, Hgb levels were similar for the 2 groups; 61.2% of all donors required autologous transfusion and none required allogeneic transfusion. Furthermore, baseline Hgb <14.35 g/dL was identified as the sensitive cutoff to predict the need for transfusion after marrow harvest (sensitivity of 52% and specificity of 80.4%, p = 0.001). Thus, our analysis demonstrates the possibility of using hemoglobin thresholds as cutoff points for indication of PAD, tending to a more cost-effective approach. Despite significant declines in Hgb levels after PAD, none of the donors in our cohort required allogeneic transfusion, demonstrating the safety of this procedure. Thus, the indication of PAD remains an option for those who feel insecure despite higher baseline Hgb levels.
Can we transfuse wisely in patients undergoing chemotherapy for acute leukemia or autologous stem cell transplantation?
BACKGROUND Transfusion of 2 units of red blood cells (RBCs) for Hb ≤80 g/L is the prevailing liberal practice for patients undergoing intensive treatment for acute leukemia or hematopoietic transplant across North America. There is little evidence regarding optimal transfusion targets in these highly transfusion-dependent patient populations. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS This was a retrospective pre-post cohort study of consecutive patients admitted to Kingston Health Sciences Center between April through December 2016 (pre) and April through December 2017 (post) for acute leukemia induction chemotherapy or high dose chemotherapy (HDCT) for autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). The pre-cohort was transfused using a liberal threshold (2 units of RBCs for Hb ≤80 g/L) and the post-cohort using a more restrictive threshold (1 unit RBCs for Hb ≤70 g/L), implemented with a computerized physician order entry form. Primary outcome was number of RBC units transfused per inpatient day. Secondary outcomes included inpatient mortality and select morbidity measures. RESULTS 124 patients underwent 134 treatment courses: 62 courses of induction chemotherapy (pre = 26, post = 36) and 72 courses of HDCT for ASCT (pre = 39, post = 33). There was a significant decrease in median RBC utilization per admission in both patient populations: 10.5 versus 6.7 in the leukemia group (p = 0.01) and 2.0 versus 1.0 in the ASCT group (p = 0.04). This reduction was seen without a difference in inpatient mortality, length of stay, falls, serious bleeds, requirement for ICU, or time to engraftment post ASCT. CONCLUSIONS A restrictive transfusion strategy in patients receiving intensive chemotherapy for acute leukemia or ASCT decreased inpatient RBC usage without increasing adverse inpatient events.
Red blood cell transfusion burden by day 30 predicts mortality in adults after single-unit cord blood transplantation
Bone marrow transplantation. 2019
Increased red blood cell (RBC) transfusion requirements are associated with morbidity and mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation. However, its impact on the outcomes after cord blood transplantation (CBT) is unclear. We retrospectively analyzed the data of 278 adult patients who received single-unit CBT in our institute. The median number of RBC transfusions for each patient was 12 units (range, 4-66) by day 30 and 14 units (range, 4-70) by RBC engraftment. Sex, cord blood CD34(+) cell dose, cytomegalovirus serostatus, total body irradiation dose in the conditioning regimen, ABO blood group incompatibility, and pre-CBT RBC transfusion requirements were significantly associated with the number of RBC transfusion units in the linear regression analysis. In the multivariate analysis, RBC transfusion ≥18 units by day 30 was significantly associated with higher overall mortality (hazard ratio, 1.86; P = 0.018). These data suggested that early RBC transfusion burden was significantly associated with overall mortality in adult patients undergoing single CBT. Early RBC transfusion burden might be a surrogate marker for poor outcomes after single CBT.
Comparison of transfusion requirements in adult patients undergoing haploidentical or single unit umbilical cord blood stem cell transplantation
European journal of haematology. 2019
OBJECTIVES Umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT) and haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (Haplo-HSCT) modalities have been developed to offset the lack of matched donors. In this study we compare the transfusion requirements of patients undergoing UCBT and Haplo-HSCT in a single institution with the aim of providing additional information for clinicians to choose the most adequate alternative graft for HSCT. METHODS The study reviewed 67 and 46 patients undergoing UCBT and Haplo-HSCT, respectively. RESULTS There were no significant differences for RBC and PLT requirements according to the transplantation modality. Median Time to RBC transfusion independence was 35 days and 25.5 days in patients who received an UCBT and Haplo-HSCT, respectively (P=0.38), while median time to platelet transfusion independence was 31 days for UCBT patients and 23 for Haplo-HSCT patients (P< 0.001). Days until neutrophils > 0.5 x 10(9) /L was the only variable that significantly influenced RBC and PLT requirements for both transplantation modalities. Cumulative incidence of RBC and PLT transfusion independence at 90 days after transplantation was similar for both UCBT and Haplo-HSCT. CONCLUSIONS Both transplantation platforms require prolonged and intensive supportive RBC and PLT transfusion therapy. Both transplantation platforms require prolonged and intensive supportive RBC and PLT transfusion therapy. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Patients undergoing allogeneic transplantation from different donor sources had their transfusion requirements monitored.
Umbilical cord blood transplantation (n=67)
Haploidentical transplantation (n=46)
There were no significant differences for RBC and PLT requirements according to the transplantation modality. Days until neutrophils > 0.5 x 10(9) /L was the only variable that significantly influenced RBC and PLT requirements for both transplantation modalities. Cumulative incidence of RBC and PLT transfusion independence at 90 days after transplantation was similar for both UCBT and Haplo-HSCT.
A prospective non-interventional study on the impact of transfusion burden and related iron toxicity on outcome in myelodysplastic syndromes undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation()
Leukemia & lymphoma. 2019;:1-10
Most myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS)-patients receive multiple red blood cell transfusions (RBCT). Transfusions may cause iron-related toxicity and mortality, influencing outcome after allogeneic HSCT. This prospective non-interventional study evaluated 222 MDS and CMML patients undergoing HSCT. Overall survival (OS), relapse-free survival (RFS), non-relapse mortality (NRM), and relapse incidence (RI) at 36 months were 52%, 44%, 25%, and 31%, respectively. Age, percentage of marrow blasts and severe comorbidities impacted OS. RFS was significantly associated with RBCT burden prior to HSCT (HR: 1.7; p = .02). High ferritin levels had a significant negative impact on OS and RI, but no impact on NRM. Administration of iron chelation therapy prior to HSCT did not influence the outcome, but early iron reduction after HSCT (started before 6 months) improved RFS significantly after transplantation (56% in the control group vs. 90% in the treated group, respectively; p = .04). This study illustrates the impact of RBCT and related parameters on HSCT-outcome. Patients with an expected prolonged survival after transplantation may benefit from early iron reduction therapy after transplantation.