Children with very high risk acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (n=569)
Matched donor (MD) or matched sibling donor (MSD) transplantation (n=463)
Mismatched donor transplantation (MMD, n=106)
There were more advanced disease, more ex vivo T-cell depletion, and more chemotherapy based conditioning regimen for patients transplanted from MMD as compared to those transplanted from MSD or MD. Median follow up (reversed Kaplan Meier estimator) was 4.99 years,median follow up of survivals was 4.88 years. The 4-year CI of extensive cGvHD was 13± 2% and 17 ± 4% (p=NS) for the patients transplanted from MD and MMD, respectively. 4-year EFS was statistically better for patients transplanted from MD (60±2% vs. 42±5%) for the whole cohort. This difference does not exist if considering separately patients treated in the most recent study. There was no difference in 4-year CI of relapse. The 4-year NRM was lower for patients transplanted from MD (9±1% vs. 23±4%). In multivariate analysis, donor-type appears as a negative risk-factor for OS, EFS, and NRM.